A subpoena is usually a formal request for documents and/or appearance, typically requested by an attorney in the course of litigation, or by a government agency in the course of a criminal or civil investigation. Facing a subpoena can be daunting. CPA firms are often uncertain about whether or how to comply with a subpoena while complying with a number of rules and regulations that are intended to protect client confidentiality.
Ransomware and cyber extortion represent one of today’s more malicious types of hacker attacks. It sneaks into computer systems, encrypts files, and demands a ransom before decrypting the files. A major problem is that ransomware does not always decrypt files even after the ransom is paid. Being prepared and taking precautions against cyber risk exposures such as ransomware is therefore essential. Otherwise, you’re at the mercy of criminals who prey on unprepared and unsuspecting businesses and individuals.
Some clients will ask their CPA to assist them with the preparation of documents pertaining to the formation or liquidation of corporations, partnerships, estates, trusts, or other entities that require organizational documents. At other times clients will ask for help with documents pertaining to mergers, acquisitions, dissolutions, employment, severance, compensation, or stock option plans.